When choosing an SQL database, you should know that MySQL is created on a client-server model. It is based on a server that handles all of the database instructions (or commands). MySQL server is available separately and can be used both in a client-server networked environment and as a library that can be embedded (or linked) into separate applications.
MySQL can be efficiently used with several programs that support the administration of MySQL databases. Commands are sent to MySQL server via the MySQL client, which is installed on a computer.
MySQL was originally developed to handle large SQL databases quickly and efficiently. Although MySQL is usually installed on one computer, it can send the database to multiple locations, as users are able to access it using different MySQL client interfaces. These interfaces send SQL statements to the server and then display the results.
MySQL offers the possibility of storing and accessing data using multiple storage engines, including InnoDB, CSV, and NDB. MySQL is also capable of improving durability and performance by replicating data and partitioning tables. MySQL users don’t have to learn new commands as they can access their data using standard SQL commands.
MySQL is written in C and C++ and available across more than 20 platforms, including Mac, Windows, Linux, and Unix. The RDBMS supports large databases with millions of records and supports many data types including signed or unsigned integers 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8 bytes long; FLOAT; DOUBLE; CHAR; VARCHAR; BINARY; VARBINARY; TEXT; BLOB; DATE; TIME; DATETIME; TIMESTAMP; YEAR; SET; ENUM; and OpenGIS spatial types. Fixed and variable-length string types are also supported.